How to cite

If you use this dataset for a publication, please add the following sentence in the Acknowledgement part:

The marine mammal data were collected and made freely available by the International MEOP Consortium and the national programs that contribute to it. (

Also consider citing the following papers when you use the MEOP-CTD dataset for oceanographic applications:

Roquet F., Wunsch C., Forget G., Heimbach P., Guinet C., Reverdin G., Charrassin J.-B., Bailleul F., Costa D. P., Huckstadt L. A., Goetz K. T., Kovacs K. M., Lydersen C., Biuw M., Nøst O. A., Bornemann H., Ploetz, J., Bester M. N., Mcintyre T., Muelbert M. C., Hindell M. A., McMahon C. R., Williams G., Harcourt R., Field I. C., Chafik L., Nicholls K. W., Boehme L., and Fedak M. A., 2013. Estimates of the Southern Ocean General Circulation Improved by Animal-Borne Instruments. Geoph. Res. Letts., 40:1-5. doi: 10.1002/2013GL058304[download PDF] 


Roquet F., Williams G., Hindell M. A., Harcourt R., McMahon C. R., Guinet C., Charrassin J.-B., Reverdin G., Boehme L., Lovell P. and Fedak M. A., 2014. A Southern Indian Ocean database of hydrographic profiles obtained with instrumented elephant seals. Nature Scientific Data, 1:140028, doi: 10.1038/sdata.2014.28. [download PDF].

Important technical papers : 

A thorough description of the CTD-SRDL technology can be found in : 

Boehme L., Lovell P., Biuw M., Roquet F., Nicholson J., Thorpe S. E., Meredith M. P., and Fedak M., 2009. Technical Note: Animal-borne CTD-Satellite Relay Data Loggers for real-time oceanographic data collection. Ocean Sci., 5:685-695. doi: 10.5194/os-5-685-2009 [PDF]

The delayed-mode general methodology and estimated accuracy of CTD-SRDL hydrographic data are presented in :

Roquet F., Charrassin J.-B., Marchand S., Boehme L., Fedak M., Reverdin G., and Guinet C., 2011. Validating hydrographic data obtained from seal-borne satellite-relayed data loggers. J. Atmosph. And Ocean. Tech., 28:787-801. doi: 10.1175/2010JTECHO801.1 [PDF]

National specificities :

For Australian data: 
Any users of IMOS data are required to clearly acknowledge the source of the material derived from IMOS in the format: 

The seal tracking data are collected by the Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS). IMOS is a national collaborative research infrastructure, supported by the Australian Government.  It is operated by a consortium of institutions as an unincorporated joint venture, with the University of Tasmania as Lead Agent.

For German and South African data:
Primary data are also made available through PANGAEA. Please cite : © MEOP consortium 2015